2014 Cornell Pest Management Guide for Commercial Production and Maintenance of Trees and Shrubs

Due to budgetary constraints, the 2014 Cornell Pest Management Guide for Commercial Production and Maintenance of Trees and Shrubs will not be available online. We are currently exploring options that will allow us to recover the costs of posting this publication online. We hope to have the Guidelines back online in 2015.

The table of contents for this publication is provided below as a reference. A print copy can be purchased through your local Cornell Cooperative Extension office or the Cornell Store at Cornell University (800-624-4080 or online).

Questions or comments? Send an email to PMEP_Webmaster@cornell.edu.

Table of Contents

  • 1 PESTICIDE INFORMATION
    • 1.1 Pesticide Classification and Certification
    • 1.2 Use Pesticides Safely
      • 1.2.1 Plan Ahead
      • 1.2.2 Move Pesticides Safely
      • 1.2.3 Personal Protective Equipment
      • 1.2.4 Avoid Drift, Runoff, and Spills
      • 1.2.5 Avoid Equipment Accidents
      • 1.2.6 Pesticide Storage
    • 1.3 Pollinator Protection
    • 1.4 New York State Pesticide Control Legislation
      • 1.4.1 Restricted-Use Pesticides
      • 1.4.2 Additional Use Restrictions
    • 1.5 Verifying Pesticide Registration and Restricted-Use Status
    • 1.6 Check the Label for Site and Pest
    • 1.7 Pesticide Recordkeeping/Reporting
      • 1.7.1 New York State Requirements
      • 1.7.2 Federal Private Applicator Recordkeeping Requirements
    • 1.8 EPA Worker Protection Standard (WPS) for Agricultural Pesticides
    • 1.9 Reduced-Risk Pesticides, Minimum-Risk Pesticides, and Biopesticides
      • 1.9.1 Reduced-Risk Pesticides
      • 1.9.2 Minimum-Risk Pesticides
      • 1.9.3 Biopesticides
    • 1.10 FIFRA 2(ee) Recommendations
    • 1.11 The Neighbor Notification Law
    • 1.12 Pesticide Use on School and Day Care Center Grounds
    • 1.13 Toxicity and Hazards of Pesticides
    • 1.13.1 Toxicity Ratings and Signal Words on Pesticide Labels
    • 1.14 Handling Pesticides
    • 1.15 Useful Pesticide Information and Conversion Tables
  • 2 INSECT AND MITE PEST MANAGEMENT OF TREES AND SHRUBS
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 How to Use the Insect and Mite Chapter
      • 2.2.1 Suggested Procedure
    • 2.3 About the Tables
    • 2.4 Insect and Mite Control for Propagation Ranges, Greenhouses, and Perennials
    • 2.5 Biorational Pest Management Tools and Tactics
      • 2.5.1 "Biorational" Controls
      • 2.5.2 Reduced-Risk Pesticides, Minimum-Risk Pesticides, and Biopesticides
    • 2.6 Chemical Insecticides
      • 2.6.1 Insecticide Classes and Modes of Action
      • 2.6.2 Phytotoxicity of Insecticides
      • 2.6.3 Timing Spray Applications
      • 2.6.4 Formulations - How Insecticides Are Sold
      • 2.6.5 Systemic Insecticides
      • 2.6.6 *Merit, *Marathon and Other *Imidacloprid Insecticides: Best Management Practices for Soil Application
      • 2.6.7 Oil Sprays
      • 2.6.8 Shelf Life
      • 2.6.9 Pesticide Adjuvants
      • 2.6.10 Mist Blowers: Limitations of Low-Volume Spray Equipment
    • 2.7 Registered Insecticides and Acaricides
    • 2.8 Insects and Mites Destructive to Woody Ornamentals
    • 2.9 Pest Management Timing
    • 2.10 Insect and Mite Pest Management
  • 3 DISEASE MANAGEMENT FOR TREES AND SHRUBS
    • 3.1 General Measures for Disease Prevention
    • 3.2 Nursery Hygiene
    • 3.3 Diseases of General Importance or Occurrence
    • 3.3.1 Crown Gall
    • 3.3.2 Verticillium Wilt
    • 3.3.3 Shoestring Root Rot
    • 3.3.4 Powdery Mildew
    • 3.3.5 Chlorosis Caused by Manganese or Iron Deficiency
    • 3.3.6 Cutting Rots Caused by Several Species of Fungi
    • 3.4 Fungicide Information
    • 3.5 Disease Control
  • 4 WEED MANAGEMENT IN NURSERY CROPS
    • 4.1 Establishing a Weed Management Program
      • 4.1.1 The Need for a Weed Management Program
      • 4.1.2 Weed Identification
      • 4.1.3 Weed Scouting
      • 4.1.4 Weed Management Options
      • 4.1.5 A Few Terms Used in Weed Control
      • 4.1.6 Herbicide Formulations and Abbreviations
    • 4.2 Controlling Weeds before Planting
      • 4.2.1 Preplant Treatment with Glyphosate
    • 4.3 Weed Management Strategies in Growing Crops
      • 4.3.1 Postplant Perennial Weed Control
      • 4.3.2 Postplant Annual Weed Control
      • 4.3.3 What Herbicide to Use
      • 4.3.4 Seedling Weeds in Established Plantings
      • 4.3.5 Seedling Weeds in Containers
      • 4.3.6 Weeds Around Container Plants
      • 4.3.7 Controlling Weeds in Adjacent Uncropped Areas
      • 4.3.8 After Treatments are Applied
    • 4.4 Herbicides and Cover Crop Establishment
    • 4.5 Nonchemical Methods of Weed Control
    • 4.6 Activated Charcoal for Controlling Residues
    • 4.7 Herbicide Resistance
    • 4.8 Description and Characteristics of Herbicides Registered for Nursery and Landscape Use
    • 4.9 Weed Susceptibilities to Herbicides
    • 4.10. Registered Herbicides
    • 4.11 Scientific Name Cross-references
  • 5 VERTEBRATE PEST MANAGEMENT
    • 5.1 Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
    • 5.2 Control of Rodent Damage to Nursery and Landscape Plants
      • 5.2.1 Rodent Control in Field Situations
    • 5.3 Repellents for Deer and Rabbits
    • 5.4 Nonchemical Wildlife Damage Management Alternatives
      • 5.4.1 Fencing
      • 5.4.2 Other Methods
    • 5.5 Rodent Control in Buildings and Other Structures
      • 5.5.1 Pest Species
      • 5.5.2 Feeding Behavior
      • 5.5.3 Determining the Presence of Rodents
      • 5.5.4 Long-Term Population Suppression
      • 5.5.5 Rodenticides for Structural Use
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